Posts Culinary ingredient

Food additives

food additives

Food additives are substances (natural or artificial) added to food to improve flavor, conservation, appearance etc. Food additives are not only present in the dishes prepared and industrial but also in drinks, meat and seafood. There are sometimes added to food to replace a natural ingredient more expensive (ex : aspartame which replaces sugar in two times lower cost).

We can recognize them because they must appear in the list of ingredients of foodstuffs. All food additives have a code starting with E and followed by 3 figures. The “E” means that they have been approved by the European Union.

However attention to certain packagings where food additives are written in letters so easily deceiving the uninformed consumer ! Indeed the E102, E451 etc. many hardly reassure people who focus on the ingredients on the label.

There are several types of food additives :

  • Dyes : code E100

They reinforce or give color.

  • The Conservatives : code E200

They prevent the proliferation of undesirable microorganisms, to foodstuffs of mildew etc..

  • Antioxidants : code E300

They decrease the oxidation that is to say that they prevent fats from turning rancid, the fruit of “Browning” cut once.

  • Texture agents : code E400

They provide structure and consistency to a food. There are emulsifiers, stabilizers, thickeners and gelling agents.

  • The acidifying : E500

They allow to correct the acidity of a food.

  • Gou enhancerst : code E600

They strengthen and improve taste.

  • Sweeteners : code E900

They can replace the classic sugar with a sweet taste.

Food additives can be placed in three categories : the harmless, the risky (all scientists are not in agreement) and dangerous.

Here now is a list of food additives :

Curcumins, yellow of Curcumin.E100Steps/little toxic
Riboflavines (synthetic / 5′-phosphate / Bacillus subtilis)E101Do not abuse
TARTRAZINEE102Avoid (!)
Chrysoine S, AlkanetE103Avoid
Quinoline yellow, Quinoline yellowE104Avoid (!)
Solid yellowE105Avoid
Yellow 2GE107Avoid (!)
Sunset yellow FCF, Yellow FCFE110Avoid (!)
Orange GGN, Alpha-naphthol orangeE111Avoid (!)
Carmins, Cochineal, Carminic acidE120Avoid
Red citrus No.. 2E121Avoid (!)
Azorubine, CarmoisineE122Avoid
Amarante, AmaranthE123Avoid (!)
Ponceau 4R (Cochineal red A), Cochineal RedE124Avoid (!)
Ponceau SX, Scarlet GNE125Avoid
Culvert GR, Ponceau 6RE126Avoid
ErythrosineE127Avoid
Red 2G, AzogeranineE128Avoid (!)
Allura red ACE129Avoid (!)
Manascorubine, Blue solanthrene RS, Ananthraquinone blueE130Avoid
Patent blue VE131Avoid
Indigotine, Carmine(e) IndigoE132Avoid
Brilliant blue FCFE133Avoid
ChlorophyllsE140Do not abuse
Chlorophylls and chlorophyllins, copper/copper complexesE141Do not abuse
Green S, Brilliant green BS, Lissamine GreenE142Avoid (!)
Solid green FCFE143Avoid (!)
Caramel I – nature (caustic caramel)E150aDo not abuse
Caramel II – caustic sulfite process, Caustic sulphite caramelE150bAvoid
Caramel III – ammonia process, Ammonia caramelE150cAvoid
Caramel IV – ammonium sulfite process, The ammonium sulphite caramelE150dAvoid (!)
Glossy black, Black naphthol, Black PN, Brilliant black BNE151Avoid (!)
Carbon black, Black 7984E152Avoid (!)
Charcoal, Carbo medicinalis vegetalisE153Avoid
Brown FKE154Avoid (!)
Brown HT, chocolate brown HTE155Avoid (!)
Carotenes (Beta-)E160aDo not abuse
Annato extract, Annato, Annatto, Bixin, NorbixinE160bDo not abuse
Paprika Oleoresin, Paprika extract, Capsanthin, CapsorubinE160cDo not abuse
LycopeneE160dDo not abuse
Carotenic, Beta-apo-8′- ; Beta-apo-8-carotenal (C30)E160eSteps/little toxic
Carotenoic acid, Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8-carotenoic acid (C30)E160fethylesterSteps/little toxic
XanthophyllsE161Do not abuse
Flavoxanthine (xanthophylls)E161aDo not abuse
Luteins (xanthophylls)E161bDo not abuse
Cryptoxanthin, Kryptoxanthine (xanthophylls)E161cDo not abuse
Rubixanthine (xanthophylls)E161dDo not abuse
Violaxanthin (xanthophylls)E161eDo not abuse
Rhodoxanthin (xanthophylls)E161fDo not abuse
Canthaxanthin (xanthophylls)E161gDo not abuse
Zeaxanthines (xanthophylls)E161hDo not abuse
Citranaxanthin (xanthophylls)E161iDo not abuse
Astaxanthin (xanthophylls)E161jDo not abuse
Beet Red, BetaninE162Do not abuse
Anthocyanins, AnthocyaninsE163Do not abuse
Gardenia yellowE164?
Gardenia blueE165?
SandalwoodE166?
Calcium carbonatesE170Steps/little toxic
Titanium dioxide, Titanium dioxideE171Avoid
Iron oxide, Iron hydroxideE172Do not abuse
AluminiumE173Avoid (!)
Money, ArgentumE174Do not abuse
Gold, AurumE175Do not abuse
Litholrubine BK, Fuchsin strathigraphy BK, Carmine 6B, Ruby pigmentE180Avoid
Tannic acid, Tannins, TanninsE181Do not abuse
ArchilE182Avoid
Sorbic acidE200Do not abuse
Sodium sorbateE201Avoid
Potassium sorbateE202Do not abuse
Calcium sorbateE203Do not abuse
Hepthyle Hydroxybenzoate, para-E209Avoid
Benzoic acidE210Avoid (!)
Sodium benzoateE211Avoid (!)
Potassium benzoateE212Avoid (!)
Calcium benzoateE213Avoid (!)
Ethyl Hydroxybenzoate, para- ; Ethylparaben ; PHBE214Avoid (!)
Sodium ethyl Hydroxybenzoate, para- ; Ethyl sodium paraben ; PHBE215Avoid (!)
Propyl Hydroxybenzoate, para- ; Propyl paraben ; PHBE216Avoid (!)
Sodium propyl Hydroxybenzoate, para- ; Propyl sodium paraben ; PHBE217Avoid (!)
Methyl Hydroxybenzoate, para- ; Methyl paraben ; PHBE218Avoid (!)
Sodium methyl Hydroxybenzoate, para- ; Methyl sodium paraben ; PHBE219Avoid (!)
Sulphur dioxide, Sulphur dioxideE220Avoid (!)
Sodium sulfiteE221Avoid (!)
Sodium acid sulphiteE222Avoid (!)
Sodium metabisulfite, Sodium PyrosulphiteE223Avoid (!)
Potassium Metabisulphite, Potassium PyrosulphiteE224Avoid (!)
Potassium sulfiteE225Avoid (!)
Calcium sulphiteE226Avoid (!)
Acid calcium sulphite, calcium bisulfiteE227Avoid (!)
Acid potassium sulfite, potassium bisulphiteE228Avoid (!)
Diphenyl, BiphenylE230Avoid (!)
OrthophenylphenolE231Avoid
Sodium orthophenylphenolE232Avoid
Thiabendazole, BenzimidazoleE233Avoid (!)
NisinE234Steps/little toxic
Natamycin, PimaricinE235Do not abuse
Formic acidE236Avoid (!)
Sodium FormateE237Avoid (!)
Calcium FormateE238Avoid (!)
Hexamethylene tetramineE239Avoid (!)
Formalin, Formaldehyde, Formic aldehyde, FormaldehydeE240Avoid (!)
Gum guaiacE241?
Dimethyl bicarbonate, Dimethyl Dicarbonate, DMDCE242Avoid
Potassium nitriteE249Avoid (!)
Sodium nitriteE250Avoid (!)
Sodium nitrate, The Chile saltpeterE251Avoid (!)
Potassium nitrate, SaltpeterE252Avoid (!)
Acetic acid (icy)E260Do not abuse
Potassium acetates, Potassium Diacetates, Ethanoates.E261Do not abuse
Sodium acetates, Sodium Diacetate, Ethanoates.E262Do not abuse
Calcium acetate, Acetic acid and derivatives, Ethanoates.E263Do not abuse
Ammonium acetateE264Avoid
Dehydroacetic acid, Acid dehydracetiqueE265Do not abuse
Sodium DehydroacetateN266Do not abuse
Lactic acid (L-, D- and DL-)E270Do not abuse
Propionic acidE280Do not abuse
Sodium propionateE281Do not abuse
Calcium propionateE282Do not abuse
Potassium propionateE283Do not abuse
Boric acidE284Avoid (!)
Sodium tetraborate (Borax)E285Avoid (!)
Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, CO²E290Do not abuse
Malic acid (DL-)E296Do not abuse
Fumaric acidE297Steps/little toxic
Ascorbic acid (L-)E300Steps/little toxic
Sodium ascorbateE301Steps/little toxic
Calcium ascorbateE302Steps/little toxic
Potassium ascorbateE303Steps/little toxic
ASCORBYL PALMITATEE304Steps/little toxic
ASCORBYL stearateE305Do not abuse
Tocopherols (imitation of vitamin E)E306Do not abuse
Alpha-TocopherolE307Do not abuse
Gamma-tocopherol (synthetic)E308Do not abuse
Delta-tocopherol (synthetic)E309Do not abuse
Propyl gallateE310Avoid
Octyl gallateE311Avoid
Dodecyl gallateE312Avoid
Ethyl gallateE313Steps/little toxic
Guaiac resinE314Steps/little toxic
Erythorbic acid (isoascorbic acid)E315Do not abuse
Sodium erythorbate (sodium isoascorbate)E316Do not abuse
Potassium erythorbate (potassium isoascorbate)E317Steps/little toxic
Calcium erythorbate (calcium isoascorbate)E318Steps/little toxic
BHQT, Tertiary ButylhydroquinoneE319Avoid (!)
BHA, Butylated hydroxyanisole, Butylated hydroxyanisoleE320Avoid (!)
BHT, Butylated hydroxytoluene, Butylated hydroxytolueneE321Avoid (!)
LecithinsE322Do not abuse
AnoxomereE323Avoid
EthoxyquinE324Avoid (!)
Sodium lactateE325Steps/little toxic
Potassium lactateE326Steps/little toxic
Calcium lactateE327Steps/little toxic
Ammonium lactateE328Do not abuse
Magnesium lactate (DL-)E329Steps/little toxic
Citric acidE330Steps/little toxic
Sodium citratesE331Steps/little toxic
Potassium citratesE332Steps/little toxic
Calcium citratesMIYAUCHISteps/little toxic
Tartaric acid (L(+)-)E334Steps/little toxic
Sodium tartratesE335Steps/little toxic
Potassium tartratesE336Steps/little toxic
Potassium sodium tartrate (L(+)-), Tartrate double sodium and potassiumE337Steps/little toxic
Phosphoric acid, Orthophosphoric acidE338Avoid
Sodium phosphates, Sodium OrthophosphatesE339Avoid
Potassium phosphates, Potassium orthophosphateE340Avoid
Calcium phosphates, Calcium orthophosphateE341Avoid
Ammonium phosphates, Monophosphates of ammoniumE342Avoid
Phosphates of magnesium, Monophosphates of magnesiumE343Avoid
Lecithin citrateE344?
Magnesium citrateE345?
Ammonium malateE349Avoid
Sodium MalatesE350Do not abuse
Potassium malateE351Do not abuse
Calcium MalatesE35XDo not abuse
Metatartaric acidE353Steps/little toxic
Calcium tartrate (DL-)E354Steps/little toxic
Adipic acid, Acid hexamedioiqueE355Do not abuse
Sodium AdipatesE356Do not abuse
Adipates of potassiumE357Do not abuse
Ammonium AdipatesE359Avoid
Succinic acidE363Do not abuse
Sodium succinateE364Do not abuse
Sodium FumaratedE365Steps/little toxic
Potassium FumaratedE366Steps/little toxic
Calcium FumaratedE367Steps/little toxic
Fumarated of ammoniumE368Do not abuse
Heptonolactone, 1,4-E370?
Nicotinic Acid, Niacin, Pyridine-B-carboxylic acidE375Do not abuse
Triammonium citrateE380Avoid
Ferric ammonium citrateE381Do not abuse
Calcium GlycerophosphateE383Avoid
Isopropyl citratesE384Do not abuse
EDTA, Calcio-disodium ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetateE385Avoid (!)
Disodium EDTA, Disodium ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetateE386Avoid (!)
OxystearineE387Steps/little toxic
Acid thiodipropionique, DEGRADABLEE388Do not abuse
Thiobis dilauryleE389Do not abuse
Thiobis distearyleE390Do not abuse
Phytic acidE391Do not abuse
Rosemary extractE392?
Calcium LactobionateE399?
Alginic acidE400Steps/little toxic
Sodium alginateE401Steps/little toxic
Potassium alginateE402Steps/little toxic
Ammonium alginateE403Do not abuse
Calcium alginateE404Steps/little toxic
Propylene glycol alginate, Alginate propane-1, 2-diol, Hydroxypropyl alginateE405Avoid
Agar-agar, Layor Carang, The Japan isinglassE406Steps/little toxic
Carrageenan, Carraghenates,E407Avoid
Processed Eucheuma seaweed407aDo not abuse
Glycan of Baker's yeast, Furcelleran, FarcelleranE408Steps/little toxic
ArabinogalactanE409?
Carob bean gum, Flour of carob seedE410Steps/little toxic
Oat gum, Tamarind seeds flourE411Steps/little toxic
Guar gumE412Steps/little toxic
Tragacanth gum, Tragacanth, Gum dragonE413Do not abuse
Gum Arabic, Acacia gumE414Steps/little toxic
Xanthan gumE415Steps/little toxic
Gum karaya, kuterra, Sterculia gumE416Do not abuse
Tara gumE417Steps/little toxic
Gellan gumE418Do not abuse
Gum ghattiE419?
SorbitolsE420Do not abuse
MannitolE421Do not abuse
Glycerol, GlycerinE422Do not abuse
Konjac flour, KonjacE425Do not abuse
Soybean HemicelluloseE426?
Cassia gumE427?
GelatinE428?
PeptonesE429?
Polyoxyethylene stearate 8E430Avoid (!)
Polyoxyethylene stearate 40E431Avoid (!)
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan Monolaurate (polysorbate 20)E432Avoid (!)
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80)E433Avoid (!)
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan Monopalmitate
(polysorbate 40)
E434Avoid (!)
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate
(polysorbate 60)
E435Avoid (!)
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate (polysorbate 65)E436Avoid (!)
PectinE440aSteps/little toxic
Pectin starchyE440bSteps/little toxic
Hydrogenated rapeseed superglycerineeE441?
Ammonium Phosphatides, Phosphatidic acid ammonium saltsE442Avoid
Oil plant meaningE443Avoid
Acetate isobutyrate of sucrose, SAIBE444Do not abuse
Glycerol ester of wood resinsE445Do not abuse
SuccistearineE446?
DiphosphateE450Avoid
TriphosphatesE451Avoid
PolyphosphatesE452Avoid
Cyclodextrin (Alpha-), AlphaCDE457Do not abuse
Cyclodextrin (Gamma-), GammaCDMAXWELLUDOBADo not abuse
Cyclodextrin (Beta-), BetacdE459Do not abuse
CelluloseE460Steps/little toxic
Methyl-celluloseE461Do not abuse
Ethyl-celluloseX 2600Steps/little toxic
Hydroxypropyl-cellulose5BBEAvoid
Hydroxypropylmethyl celluloseE464Do not abuse
Methyl-ethyl-cellulose, GUYE465Do not abuse
Sodium Carboxymethyl-cellulose, Cellulose gum, CMCE466Avoid
Ethyl hydroxyethyl celluloseE467Avoid
Sodium cellulose Carboximethyl cross-linked, Cross-linked cellulose gum, Cross-linked CMCE468Avoid
Carboximethyl cellulose sodium, hydrolysed enzymatically, Enzymatically hydrolysed cellulose gumE469Avoid
Salts of fatty acids (with the base aluminum, ammonium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium)E470Avoid
Salts of sodium /potassium /calcium of fatty acidsE470aDo not abuse
Fatty acid magnesium saltsE470bDo not abuse
Mono and diglycerides of fatty acidsE471Do not abuse
Glyceroliques esters of acetic acid and fatty acids, AcetoglyceridesE472aDo not abuse
Glyceroliques esters of lactic acid and fatty acids, LactoglyceridesE472bDo not abuse
Esters of citric acid and fatty acids glyceroliques, CitroglyceridesE472cDo not abuse
Tartaric acid esters of mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acidsE472dDo not abuse
Glyceroliques esters of diacetyltartrique acid and fatty acidsE472eDo not abuse
Mixed acetic and tartaric of mono esters- and diglycerides of fatty acidsE472fDo not abuse
Monoglycerides succinylesE472g?
Sucrose fatty acid esters of, Sucrose esters of fatty acidsE473Do not abuse
Type I and type II sucrose oligoestersE473aDo not abuse
Saccharoglycerides, SucroglyceridesE474Do not abuse
Sorbitans esters of fatty acids, E481 esters of fatty acidsE475Do not abuse
Sorbitans esters of ricinoleic acid two, Polyglycerol polyricinoleateE476Do not abuse
Esters of propylene glycol of fatty acidsE477Avoid
Esters glyceroliques and propylene-glycol acid fat lactylesE478Avoid
Soybean oil oxidized by heating in interaction with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acidsE479Do not abuse
Sodium dioctyl SulfosuccinateE480Avoid
Sodium Lactylates, Sodium Stearoyl-2-lactylateE481Do not abuse
Calcium Lactylates, Sodium Stearoyl-2-lactylate, calciumE482Do not abuse
Stearyl tartrate, Stearoyl tartrateE483Do not abuse
Stearyl citrateE484?
Sodium StearoylfumarateE485?
Calcium StearoylfumarateE486?
Sodium lauryl sulfate, SDS, SLSE487Avoid
Mono and diglycerides, ethoxylatedE488Avoid (!)
Ester of methylglycoside of coconut oilE489?
Sorbitan monostearateE491Do not abuse
Sorbitan tristearateE492Do not abuse
Sorbitan MonolaurateE493Do not abuse
Sorbitan monooleateE494Do not abuse
Sorbitan MonopalmitateE495Do not abuse
Sorbitan trioleateE496?
Sodium carbonateE500Steps/little toxic
Potassium carbonatesE501Steps/little toxic
CarbonatesE502?
Ammonium carbonatesE503Do not abuse
Magnesium carbonatesE504Steps/little toxic
Ferrous carbonate, Iron carbonateE505Steps/little toxic
Hydrochloric acidE507Steps/little toxic
Potassium chlorideE508Steps/little toxic
Calcium chlorideE509Steps/little toxic
Ammonium chlorideE510Avoid
Magnesium chlorideE511Steps/little toxic
Stannous chloride, Stannous chlorideE512Do not abuse
Sulphuric acidE513Do not abuse
Sodium sulphateE514Do not abuse
Potassium sulphateE515Do not abuse
Calcium sulphateE516Do not abuse
Sulfate of ammoniumE517Avoid
Magnesium sulfateE518Do not abuse
Copper II sulphate, Cupric sulfateE519Avoid
Aluminum sulphate (anhydrous)E520Avoid (!)
Sodium aluminum sulphateE521Avoid (!)
Potassium aluminum sulphateE522Avoid (!)
Aluminium ferric ammonium sulfate, Aluminium-ammonium sulphateE523Avoid (!)
Sodium hydroxideE524Do not abuse
Potassium hydroxideE525Do not abuse
Calcium hydroxideE526Do not abuse
Ammonium hydroxideE527Avoid
Magnesium hydroxideE528Do not abuse
Calcium oxideE529Steps/little toxic
Magnesium oxideE530Steps/little toxic
Sodium ferrocyanideE535Do not abuse
Potassium ferrocyanideE536Do not abuse
Iron Hexacyanomanganate, FerrohexacyanomanganateE537Do not abuse
Calcium ferrocyanideE538Do not abuse
Sodium thiosulfateE539Avoid
Acid calcium phosphateE540Avoid
Sodium-aluminum phosphateE541Avoid (!)
Bone phosphateE542Do not abuse
Calcium polyphosphatesE544Avoid
Ammonium polyphosphatesE545Avoid
Magnesium pyrophosphateE546Avoid
Sodium silicatesE550Steps/little toxic
Amorphous silica, Silicon dioxide (Silica)E551Steps/little toxic
Calcium silicateE552Steps/little toxic
Magnesium silicates, Magnesium trisilicateE553Avoid
Sodium aluminosilicate, Alumino-sodium silicate, Sodium aluminum silicateE554Avoid (!)
Potassium aluminosilicate, Silicate alumino-patassique, Potassium aluminum silicateE555Avoid (!)
Calcium aluminosilicate, Alumino-silicate, Calcium aluminum silicateE556Avoid (!)
Zinc silicateE557Steps/little toxic
BentoniteE558Steps/little toxic
Aluminum silicate (kaolin)E559Avoid
Potassium silicateE560?
Fatty acids, Stearic acidE570Steps/little toxic
Magnesium stearate, Magnesium stearateE572Steps/little toxic
Gluconic acid (D-)E574Steps/little toxic
Glucono-delta-lactoneE575Steps/little toxic
Sodium gluconateE576Do not abuse
Potassium gluconateE577Steps/little toxic
Calcium gluconateE578Steps/little toxic
Ferrous gluconate, Iron gluconateE579Do not abuse
Magnesium gluconateE580Steps/little toxic
Ferrous lactate, Iron lactateE585Do not abuse
Hexylresorcinol (4-)E586Avoid
Glutamic acidE620Avoid
Sodium glutamate, Monosodium glutamate, MSGE621Avoid
Potassium glutamate, Monopotassium glutamateE622Avoid
Calcium glutamateE623Avoid
Ammonium glutamate, Monoammonium glutamateE624Avoid
Magnesium glutamateE625Avoid
Acid guanyl (5′-)E626Do not abuse
Disodium guanylate (5′-), Sodium guanylateE627Do not abuse
DIPOTASSIUM guanylate (5′-), Potassium guanylateE628Do not abuse
Calcium guanylate (5′-)E629Do not abuse
Inosinic acid, Acid 5′-inosinicE630Do not abuse
Sodium inosinate, Disodium inosinateE631Do not abuse
Potassium inosinateE632Do not abuse
Calcium inosinateE633Do not abuse
Calcium Ribonucleotides (5′-), Calcium RibonucleotidesE634Do not abuse
Disodium Ribonucleotides (5′-), Sodium RibonucleotideE635Do not abuse
MaltolE636Avoid
Ethyl-maltol, Ethyl maltolE637Avoid
Sodium aspartameE638Avoid
Alanine (DL-)E639 AGENCYDo not abuse
Glycine (and its sodium salt)E640Do not abuse
Leucine (L-)E641?
Lysine hydrochlorideE642?
Zinc acetateE650Do not abuse
Polydimethylsiloxane, DimethylpolysiloxaneE900aAvoid
MethylphenylpolysiloxaneE900bAvoid
BeeswaxE901Steps/little toxic
Candelilla waxE902Steps/little toxic
Carnauba waxE903Do not abuse
Shellac, ShellacE904Steps/little toxic
Microcrystalline wax, Petroleum wax.E905Avoid (!)
Food grade mineral oilE905aAvoid
Vaseline (Petroleum jelly)E905bAvoid
Microcrystalline wax, Paraffin wax , Petroleum waxE905cAvoid (!)
Mineral oil (high viscosity)E905dAvoid (!)
Mineral oil, medium and low viscosity (category I)E905eAvoid (!)
Mineral oil, medium and low viscosity (category II)E905fAvoid (!)
Mineral oil, medium and low viscosity (category III)E905gAvoid (!)
Gum benzoin, Gum benzoicE906Do not abuse
Hydrogenated poly-1-decene, Hydrogenated PolydeceneE907Avoid
Rice bran waxE908?
Blubber waxE909?
Wax estersE910?
Fatty acid methyl estersE911?
Montanic acid estersE912Avoid
LanolinE913Steps/little toxic
Oxidized polyethylene waxE914Avoid
Glyceroliques esters, methyl or penta erithrytoliques of rosin, Rosin estersE915Avoid
Calcium iodateE916Avoid (!)
Potassium iodateE917Avoid (!)
Oxides of nitrogenE918Do not abuse
Nitrosyl chlorideE919Avoid
Cysteine (L-) and its hydrochlorides – sodium and potassium saltsE920Steps/little toxic
Cystine (L-) and its hydrochlorides – sodium and potassium saltsE921Steps/little toxic
Potassium persulfateE922Avoid
Ammonium persulfateE923Avoid
Potassium bromateE924aAvoid (!)
Calcium bromateE924bAvoid (!)
Chlorine, ChlorineE925Avoid
Chlorine peroxide, Chlorine dioxide, Chlorine oxideE926Avoid
AZODICARBONAMIDE, AzoformamideE927aAvoid
Urea, CarbamideE927bAvoid
Benzoyl peroxideE928Avoid
Acetone peroxideE929Avoid
Calcium peroxideE930Avoid
DichlorodifluoromethaneE940Avoid
NitrogenE941Steps/little toxic
Nitrous oxideE942Do not abuse
ButaneE943aSteps/little toxic
IsobutaneE943bSteps/little toxic
PropaneE944Steps/little toxic
ChloropentafluoroethaneE945Do not abuse
OctafluorocyclobutaneE946?
OxygenE948Steps/little toxic
HydrogenE949Steps/little toxic
Acesulfame potassium, Acesulfame-KE950Avoid (!)
AspartameE951Avoid (!)
Cyclamates, Cyclamic acid and its sodium and calcium saltsE952Avoid (!)
Isomalt (hydrogenated Isomaltulose)E953Do not abuse
SaccharinesE954Avoid (!)
Sucralose (trichlorogalactosucrose)E955Do not abuse
AlitameE956Avoid
ThaumatinE957Steps/little toxic
Glycyrrhizin, Glycyrrhizic acid, Liquorice, LicoriceE958Steps/little toxic
Neohesperidin Dihydrochalcone, Neohesperidin DC, NHDCE959Do not abuse
Steviol glycosidesE960Steps/little toxic
NeotameE961Avoid
Aspartame acesulfame (salt of)E962Avoid (!)
Tagatose (D-)E963?
Polyglycitol syrupE964?
MaltitolsE965Do not abuse
LactitolE966Do not abuse
XylitolE967Do not abuse
ErythritolE968Steps/little toxic
Quillaia extracts (Type I and II)E999Avoid
Cholic acidE1000Steps/little toxic
Choline (salts and esters of -.)E1001?
AmylasesE1100Steps/little toxic
Proteases (Protease, Papain, Bromelain, Ficin)E1101?
Glucose oxidaseE1102?
InvertasesE1103Steps/little toxic
LipasesE1104Steps/little toxic
Lysozyme, Lysozyme hydrochlorideE1105Do not abuse
Polydextroses A and N, Modified polydextrosesE1200Steps/little toxic
Polyvinylpyrrolidone, PVPE1201Avoid (!)
Insoluble Polyvinylpyrrolidone, Insoluble PVP, PVPPE1202Avoid (!)
Polyvinyl alcoholE1203Avoid
Pullulan, PullulanE1204Steps/little toxic
Modified starch, Dextrins, starch roastedE1400Do not abuse
Modified starch, Acid-treated starchE1401Do not abuse
Modified starch, Alkali-treated starchE1402Do not abuse
Modified starch, Bleached starchE1403Do not abuse
Modified starch, Oxidized starchE1404Do not abuse
Modified starch, The enzyme-treated starchE1405Do not abuse
Modified starch, Starch phosphate, Monoamidon phosphateE1410Do not abuse
Modified starch, Glycerol by diE1411Do not abuse
Modified starch, Di phosphateE1412Do not abuse
Modified starch, Di phosphate phosphateE1413Do not abuse
Modified starch, Di acetyl phosphateE1414Avoid
Modified starch, Starch acetate, ACETYLATED starchE1420Avoid
Modified starch, Acetyl in vinyl acetate starchE1421Avoid
Modified starch, Di acetyl AdipateE1422Do not abuse
Modified starch, Glycerol by di acetylE1423?
Modified starch, Di glycerineE1430?
Modified starch, Hydroxypropyl starch, Hydroxypropyl starchE1440Avoid
Modified starch, Di hydroxypropyl GlycerinE1441Avoid
Modified starch, Di hydroxypropyl phosphateE1442Avoid
Modified starch, Glycerol by di hydroxypropylE1443Avoid
Modified starch, Succinate sodium starch octenyliqueE1450Do not abuse
Modified starch, ACETYLATED oxidized starchETCDo not abuse
Modified starch, Aluminium starch octenylique succinateE1452Avoid
Castor oilE1503Do not abuse
Triethylique citrate, Triethyl citrateE1505Do not abuse
Ethanol, ethyl alcoholE1510Do not abuse
Diacetin, Glycerol Diacetate, Glyceryl DiacetateE1517Do not abuse
Triacetin, Glycerol triacetate, Glyceryl triacetateE1518Do not abuse
Benzyl alcohol, Benzyl alcoholE1519Avoid
Propylene glycol (propane diol – 1,2)E1520Avoid
Polyethylene glycol, MACROGOLE1521Do not abuse
Calcium Lignosulfonate (40-65)E1522Do not abuse

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Not to mention yet cooked shrimp but always with sulfites. Bourgoin at Leclerc